20-4A STOCK ISSUANCE (NONCASH ASSETS, SUBSCRIPTION, AND TREASURY STOCK) Smith & Cline had the following stock transactions during the year: (a) Issued 5,000 shares of common stock with a $5 par value in exchange for real estate (land) with a fair market value of $27,500. (b) Issued 7,500 shares of common stock with a $5 par value and $6 fair market value in exchange for a building with an uncertain fair market value. (c) Received subscriptions for 10,000 shares of $6 par common stock for $65,000. (d) Received subscriptions for 5,000 shares of $6 par common stock for $28,000. (e) Received a payment of $30,000 on the stock subscription in transaction (c). (f) Received the balance in full for the stock subscription in transaction (c) and issued the stock. (g) Received the balance in full for the stock subscription in transaction (d) and issued the stock. (h) Purchased 1,000 shares of its own $6 par common stock for $7 a share ($7,000). (i) Sold 500 shares of the treasury stock in transaction (h) for $7.50 a share. (j) Sold 500 shares of the treasury stock in transaction (h) for $6.75 a share. Prepare general journal entries to record the transactions, identifying each by letter. 20-5A STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY SECTION After closing its books on December 31, Pro Parts’ stockholders’ equity accounts had the following balances: Common stock subscriptions receivable $ 5,000 Common stock, $5 par, 12,000 shares 60,000 Preferred stock, $10 par, 4%, 4,000 shares 40,000 Common stock subscribed, $5 par, 3,000 shares 15,000 Paid-in capital in excess of par-common stock 4,000 Retained earnings 35,000 Prepare the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet. 20-7A STATED VALUE, COMMON AND PREFERRED STOCK, AND NONCASH ASSETS Kris Kraft Stores had the following stock transactions during the year: (a) Issued 4,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $10 per share for $40,000 cash. (b) Issued 6,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $8 per share for $50,000 cash. (c) Issued 5,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $15 per share for $75,000 cash. (d) Issued 3,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $20 per share for $58,000 cash. (e) Issued 10,000 shares of $5 par common stock for land with a fair market value of $50,000. (f) Issued 10,000 shares of $8 par common stock with a $9 fair market value for a building with an uncertain fair market value. (g) Issued 8,000 shares of $50 par, 8% preferred stock for land with a fair market value of $405,000. REQUIRED Prepare general journal entries to record the transactions, identifying each transaction by letter. Review questions 1. Briefly describe five advantages of the corporate form of business organization. Describe two disadvantages. 10. How is treasury stock usually shown on the balance sheet? 11. How is paid-in capital from sale of treasury stock usually shown on the balance sheet?

20-4A STOCK ISSUANCE (NONCASH ASSETS, SUBSCRIPTION, AND TREASURY

STOCK) Smith & Cline had the following stock transactions during the year:

(a) Issued 5,000 shares of common stock with a $5 par value in exchange for real

estate (land) with a fair market value of $27,500.

(b) Issued 7,500 shares of common stock with a $5 par value and $6 fair market

value in exchange for a building with an uncertain fair market value.

(c) Received subscriptions for 10,000 shares of $6 par common stock for $65,000.

(d) Received subscriptions for 5,000 shares of $6 par common stock for $28,000.

(e) Received a payment of $30,000 on the stock subscription in transaction (c).

(f) Received the balance in full for the stock subscription in transaction (c) and

issued the stock.

(g) Received the balance in full for the stock subscription in transaction (d) and

issued the stock.

(h) Purchased 1,000 shares of its own $6 par common stock for $7 a share ($7,000).

(i) Sold 500 shares of the treasury stock in transaction (h) for $7.50 a share.

(j) Sold 500 shares of the treasury stock in transaction (h) for $6.75 a share.

Prepare general journal entries to record the transactions, identifying each by letter.

20-5A STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY SECTION After closing its books on December 31, Pro

Parts’ stockholders’ equity accounts had the following balances:

Common stock subscriptions receivable $ 5,000

Common stock, $5 par, 12,000 shares 60,000

Preferred stock, $10 par, 4%, 4,000 shares 40,000

Common stock subscribed, $5 par, 3,000 shares 15,000

Paid-in capital in excess of par-common stock 4,000

Retained earnings 35,000

Prepare the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet.

20-7A STATED VALUE, COMMON AND PREFERRED STOCK, AND NONCASH

ASSETS Kris Kraft Stores had the following stock transactions during the year:

(a) Issued 4,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $10 per share

for $40,000 cash.

(b) Issued 6,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $8 per share

for $50,000 cash.

(c) Issued 5,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $15 per

share for $75,000 cash.

(d) Issued 3,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $20 per

share for $58,000 cash.

(e) Issued 10,000 shares of $5 par common stock for land with a fair market value

of $50,000.

(f) Issued 10,000 shares of $8 par common stock with a $9 fair market value for a

building with an uncertain fair market value.

(g) Issued 8,000 shares of $50 par, 8% preferred stock for land with a fair market

value of $405,000.

REQUIRED

Prepare general journal entries to record the transactions, identifying each transaction

by letter.

Review questions

1. Briefly describe five advantages of the corporate form of business organization. Describe two disadvantages.

10. How is treasury stock usually shown on the balance sheet?

11. How is paid-in capital from sale of treasury stock usually shown on the balance sheet?

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Implement sequential search and binary search algorithms on your computer. Run timings for each algorithm on arrays of size n = 10i for i ranging from 1 to as large a value as your computer’s memory/compiler will allow. For both algorithms, store the values 0 through n – 1 in order in the array, and use a variety of random search values in the range 0 to n – 1 on each size n. Graph the resulting times. When is sequential search faster than binary search for a sorted array?

Implement sequential search and binary search algorithms on your computer. Run timings for each algorithm on arrays of size n = 10i for i ranging from 1 to as large a value as your computer’s memory/compiler will allow. For both algorithms, store the values 0 through n – 1 in order in the array, and use a variety of random search values in the range 0 to n – 1 on each size n. Graph the resulting times. When is sequential search faster than binary search for a sorted array?

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0-5A STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY SECTION After closing its books on December 31, Pro Parts’ stockholders’ equity accounts had the following balances: Common stock subscriptions receivable $ 5,000 Common stock, $5 par, 12,000 shares 60,000 Preferred stock, $10 par, 4%, 4,000 shares 40,000 Common stock subscribed, $5 par, 3,000 shares 15,000 Paid-in capital in excess of par-common stock 4,000 Retained earnings 35,000 Prepare the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet. 20-7A STATED VALUE, COMMON AND PREFERRED STOCK, AND NONCASH ASSETS Kris Kraft Stores had the following stock transactions during the year: (a) Issued 4,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $10 per share for $40,000 cash. (b) Issued 6,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $8 per share for $50,000 cash. (c) Issued 5,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $15 per share for $75,000 cash. (d) Issued 3,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $20 per share for $58,000 cash. (e) Issued 10,000 shares of $5 par common stock for land with a fair market value of $50,000. (f) Issued 10,000 shares of $8 par common stock with a $9 fair market value for a building with an uncertain fair market value. (g) Issued 8,000 shares of $50 par, 8% preferred stock for land with a fair market value of $405,000. REQUIRED Prepare general journal entries to record the transactions, identifying each transaction by letter.

0-5A STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY SECTION After closing its books on December 31, Pro

Parts’ stockholders’ equity accounts had the following balances:

Common stock subscriptions receivable $ 5,000

Common stock, $5 par, 12,000 shares 60,000

Preferred stock, $10 par, 4%, 4,000 shares 40,000

Common stock subscribed, $5 par, 3,000 shares 15,000

Paid-in capital in excess of par-common stock 4,000

Retained earnings 35,000

Prepare the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet.

20-7A STATED VALUE, COMMON AND PREFERRED STOCK, AND NONCASH

ASSETS Kris Kraft Stores had the following stock transactions during the year:

(a) Issued 4,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $10 per share

for $40,000 cash.

(b) Issued 6,000 shares of no-par common stock with a stated value of $8 per share

for $50,000 cash.

(c) Issued 5,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $15 per

share for $75,000 cash.

(d) Issued 3,000 shares of no-par, 6% preferred stock with a stated value of $20 per

share for $58,000 cash.

(e) Issued 10,000 shares of $5 par common stock for land with a fair market value

of $50,000.

(f) Issued 10,000 shares of $8 par common stock with a $9 fair market value for a

building with an uncertain fair market value.

(g) Issued 8,000 shares of $50 par, 8% preferred stock for land with a fair market

value of $405,000.

REQUIRED

Prepare general journal entries to record the transactions, identifying each transaction

by letter.

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200 words, complete with class concepts and evidence from source. ONLINE STUDENTS: TWO responses for peers who read a DIFFERENT paper than the one you summarized.??(Might be a good time to find a partner if you’d like to work with someone else on the paper). 1. Who is the paper about? Where and when do they live? 2. Summarize what the example paper says about each of the following: a. How do cultural influences affect the person’s values or norms? b. How did some agent of socialization (an individual, group, or institution) change the person? c. How does the person’s group membership affect their behavior or opportunities?

200 words, complete with class concepts and evidence from source.
ONLINE STUDENTS: TWO responses for peers who read a DIFFERENT paper than the one you summarized.??(Might be a good time to find a partner if you’d like to work with someone else on the paper).
1. Who is the paper about? Where and when do they live?
2. Summarize what the example paper says about each of the following:
a. How do cultural influences affect the person’s values or norms?
b. How did some agent of socialization (an individual, group, or institution) change the person?
c. How does the person’s group membership affect their behavior or opportunities?

Read More

AE6343 Aircraft Design Project #1 – 2017 Aircraft Constraint Analysis This document provides the project description for Project 1 of the Aircraft Design I (Fixed Wing Design I) course listed as AE 6343. Please read this information carefully and refer any questions to the class assistants. Objective This project is an exercise where students can apply the sizing and synthesis theory presented during lecture and pertaining to Chapter 2 of the course material. Students must integrate the different methods and approaches taught and provide an initial mission sizing and constraint analysis assessment in the context of conceptual design. This exercise should furthermore provide a deeper understanding of the mathematical models used for these tasks and associate them to the underlying physical principles and relationships. Project Description General Using all the class material provided relevant to sizing & synthesis, each student must study the energy-based constraint analysis method as well as the weight fraction approach to the mission sizing analysis. An analysis tool capable of fully implementing sizing & synthesis calculations must be created and validated against existing data. You must benchmark your tool against the known performance of a reference aircraft, provided in this project description. You must then use your tool to generate a conceptual design to meet a set of requirements specified in a provided Request for Proposal. This project will be conducted in teams of two. Teams will be assigned by the instructor and teaching assistants and will consist of both on campus and distance learning students. Deliverables Report Each team will work together to produce a single report for their project. The project report must be submitted no later than 11:55 pm on Friday October 20th on T-Square by each member of the team. Late submissions will be penalized. This report must be written in Microsoft Word ® using the template provided in the class website, or similar, and the formatting guidelines specified therein. The contents of the report must address all of the requirements, questions, and issues described in the sections below. Your report quality should adhere to “best commercial practices,” which will be expected for all assignments from this point on. It must be concise, written with a professional tone and avoiding wordiness and grammatical / spelling mistakes. All sources must be adequately cited. See honor code statement. Images must be in color and all plots must be legible (labels, axes, units, etc). The report should not exceed 25 pages of content including images (does NOT include cover page, list of figures, references, or extra credit). The report section names do NOT need to follow the names given to each of the requirements as shown in the section below. Items in appendices will not be graded unless specifically noted in these guidelines. Cover Page and Honor Code Statement Each report should have a cover page with the title of the assignment, “Instructor: Prof. Dimitri N. Mavris”, name of both students, date the assignment is due, and the following signed statement: “I certify that I have abided by the honor code of the Georgia Institute of Technology and followed the collaboration guidelines as specified in the project description for this assignment.” You can put an electronic signature on the honor code page. Distance Learning Students: You can just type your name on the signature line, or use an electronic image of your signature if available. Sizing & Synthesis Tool The tool that your team creates must be submitted electronically no later than 11:55 pm on Friday October 20th on T-square by each member of the team. To do so label your files as follows: “Team_#_FWD_P1”. Label an electronic version of your report in a similar manner. These files can be submitted as an attachment using T-Square. Look under the “Assignments” tab on the T-Square site for AE 6343. Alternatively, and only if this first option does NOT work, you can email your file to the class assistants. It is STRONGLY recommended that this tool be generated as a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel ®. If you wish to use an alternative program you must check with the teaching assistants before you proceed to generate the tool. Requirements Report Introduction You must provide a brief introduction to your report explaining what the purpose of your efforts is, what information is contained in the report and what final results or conclusions you are attempting to get across to the reader. This section should also introduce the concept under study and briefly summarize the mission and requirements. Formulation of Sizing and Synthesis Approach After describing the requirements you must explain how you will proceed with the sizing & synthesis assessment. Explain what theory you will use for this purpose and particularly what elements of that theory you will implement for the problem at hand. For example, if you are going to use historical data for the calculation of the wing element explain why and how that data applies to the sizing tasks of your vehicle; or if the vehicle you are modeling has a sustained turn requirement explain how the theory you are implementing provides a way to model that. Do NOT give extensive and in-depth description of all the sizing & theory provided in class. Remember to reference your sources appropriately Creating Your Sizing and Synthesis Tool Create an analysis tool for sizing and synthesis. This tool must provide as a final result a constraint analysis plot and should enable the user to directly identify a design point in terms of thrust to weight ratio and wing loading. It must also provide a mission analysis for the sizing of the system indicating the converged estimated weight and weight contributions from the different weight groups. All inputs and outputs of the tool must be clearly labeled and visible to the user. Any values that are input as a result of assumptions must also be clearly labeled, and the correct assumption values for the system you are modeling must be indicated. Your tool should focus on ease-of-use and reusability; the tool that is deemed the best will be released to the entire class. Users should have the option of inputting a number or adjusting a slider bar. Colors and visuals will make your tool easier to understand. Documenting the Sizing & Synthesis Tool Your report must include a complete but concise description of the sizing & synthesis tool created. Use of data-flow diagrams, screenshots of the tool, and descriptive images is encouraged. The reader must be able to understand the architecture of the tool, what the control inputs are and how they can be changed, what the resulting outputs are and where they are shown. It must also show how the assumptions’ values are controlled. Benchmarking Exercise You will benchmark your aircraft design tool against a known aircraft design (the F-86L Sabre aircraft). Design mission and performance constraint data will be provided in Appendix A of this project description. The following information from the benchmarking exercise must be clearly and concisely reported. Mission Analysis  Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.  Indicate the converged value of weight and weight breakdown.  Provide a mission analysis specifying instantaneous weight, aerodynamic and propulsive characteristics, and instantaneous T/W and W/S values for key points in the mission (e.g. start, begin of cruise, end of cruise, end of loiter, etc.) Constraint Analysis  Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.  Provide a constraints diagram corresponding to the segments of the design mission. Identify what are the limiting or critical constraints. Analyze and explain why the constraint curves look the way they do and if they make sense with respect to the physics they model and the conditions you have assumed. NOTE: Your comments should focus on the performance and physics of the problem, NOT on the mathematical structure of the curves.  Repeat the above requirement for the minimum performance requirements  Provide a plot with all constraints (mission segments and performance requirements) and outline the feasible design space. Conceptual Design Point Having obtained a predicted takeoff gross weight, T/W, and W/S, calculate the predicted maximum required thrust at sea level and the predicted wing area. Compare these predicted values to the known values within the Standard Aircraft Characteristics. Extend this comparison to other characteristics that you have assumed, such as aspect ratio or lift to drag ratio. Keeping in mind that your efforts are at the conceptual phase of design, comment on the similarities and differences between your predicted design and the actual F-86L. Indicate the source of these differences, i.e. why these differences exist. Design to Satisfy Request for Proposal Following the benchmarking exercise, you will utilize your sizing and sythesis tool to develop a conceptual design to satisfy a Request for Proposal provided in Appendix B. Similar to the benchmarking exercise, the following information must also be reported. Mission Analysis  Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.  Indicate the converged value of weight and weight breakdown.  Provide a mission analysis specifying instantaneous weight, aerodynamic and propulsive characteristics, and instantaneous T/W and W/S values for key points in the mission (e.g. start, begin of cruise, end of cruise, end of loiter, etc.) Constraint Analysis  Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.  Provide a constraints diagram corresponding to the segments of the design mission. Identify what are the limiting or critical constraints. Analyze and explain why the constraint curves look the way they do and if they make sense with respect to the physics they model and the conditions you have assumed. NOTE: Your comments should focus on the performance and physics of the problem, NOT on the mathematical structure of the curves.  Repeat the above requirement for the minimum performance requirements  Provide a plot with all constraints (mission segments and performance requirements) and outline the feasible design space. Conceptual Design Point Having obtained a predicted takeoff gross weight, T/W, and W/S, calculate the predicted maximum required thrust at sea level and the predicted wing area. For your conceptual design, provide a comparison of the predicted mission performance with the requirements provided in the RFP. Indicate clearly which requirements your current design is or is not able to satisfy. In addition, provide a concise commentary on the impact your specific assumptions had on the outcome of your design. Appendix A: Benchmark Aircraft Design This appendix describes the performance requirements, design mission, and known design data of the F-86L Sabre aircraft. This data is to be used for the benchmarking exercise, as described in the project description. Design Mission and Performance Constraints Benchmark Vehicle Mission Phase Description 1 Take-off and clear a 50ft obstacle in less than 4400 ft (sea level, 90 degree day) at maximum power (with afterburners). A maximum rate of climb of 90 ft/sec should be assumed 2 Achieve 1200 ft/sec air speed at sea level using maximum power (with afterburners) 3 Climb to a cruise altitude of 35,400 ft. under full military power (without afterburners) 4 Perform a cruise climb from 35,400 ft to 38,700 ft for 550 nautical miles. Use a cruising speed of 458 knots and normal power. Integrate the fuel burn from first principles (do not use the Breguet range equation). 5 Search (Loiter) at 38,700 ft at normal power for 10 minutes. 6 Climb to 47,550 ft 7 Combat at 47,550 ft at maximum power (with afterburners) for 5 minutes. A combat speed of 536 knots should be achievable at this altitude. 8 Cruise at 37,000 ft for 550 nautical miles at a speed of 458 knots under normal power. 9 Loiter at 35,000 ft for 10 minutes under maximum endurance conditions. 10 Land in less than 5,000ft (sea level, 90 degree day) without high lift devices. Other Requirements o Land with a 10% fuel reserve o Carry 1 crew member (pilot) with gear, totaling 210 lbs o Carry 432 lbs of payload Propulsion System Assumptions Your engine model should approximate the performance of the J47-GE-33 engine. Thrust available at sea level for the three relevant power settings can be seen in Table 1 below. You should apply a reasonable thrust lapse model to account for changes in thrust with altitude. You should refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of engine fuel consumption. Remember to document all assumptions and sources. Table 1: Sea Level Thrust of the J47-GE-33 Engine1 Power Setting S.L. Static Thrust (Lbf) Maximum (with Afterburner) 7650 Military (without afterburner) 5550 Normal 5100 1 Standard Aircraft Characteristics for North American F-86L Sabre, 5th Edition Addendum Nr 9, 22 September 1958, United States Air Force Structural Weight Assumptions You should use an empirical based empty weight fraction approximation. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of empty weight fraction as a function of gross takeoff weight. Remember to document all assumptions and sources. Aerodynamic Assumptions You should construct a drag polar from assumed values of zero lift drag, Oswald efficiency factor, and wing aspect ratio. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for these parameters. Remember to document all assumptions and sources. Benchmark Results You should be able to predict the design point (thrust to weight versus wing loading), weights breakdown (fuel, empty, payload, and crew weight components), and wing planform area of the F-86L aircraft after applying your design tool to the interception mission described above. Research the actual values of these design parameters from the unclassified 1958 Standard Aircraft Characteristics document for the F-86L. You should be able to find this document using the internet. Your result will be similar, but not exactly equal to, the true performance of this aircraft. Answer all questions and report all results outlined in the project description Appendix B: Request for Proposal Advanced Pilot Training Aircraft Background Due to the age of the T-38C fleet and changing needs for trainer aircraft to support modern combat aircraft like the F-22, the Air Force hopes to field an Advanced Pilot Training Aircraft (APTA) in the next 10 years. This trainer will have the capability to train pilots in the skills they need to transition to operational aircraft. APTA must be a suitable platform to train pilots in basic aircraft control, airmanship, formation, instrument flying, navigation, air-to-air and air-to-ground employment, and advanced crew/cockpit resource management. In addition to conventional pilot training there are five fighter flying training requirements that lend themselves to two-seat instruction prior to students performing them solo. These are sustained high-g operations, air-refueling, night vision imaging systems operations, air-to-air intercepts, and data-link operations. Currently, since there are no two-seat F-22s or F-35s, these training tasks are accomplished in two-seat F-16s. The APTA will need to have performance and systems capabilities to allow it to take over these training functions as the F-16 fleet retires. Note that air-refueling training capability only requires a receiver mechanism for standard Air Force flying boom refueling. It is not required to actually transfer fuel, so no internal refueling plumbing is required. Statement of Objectives (Requirements) Since this is a request for proposal, you are free to choose any aircraft configuration you like. Your design for the advanced pilot training aircraft should meet the performance requirements listed in the attachments below. Attachment 1 provides specific information on the design mission. Attachment 2 specifies the minimum performance requirements. Other Required (Threshold) or Desired (Objective) Capabilities and Characteristics 1. Crew of Two (Threshold / Objective): The cockpit will be designed for two pilots seated in tandem, with the student pilot in front. Both cockpits will have complete controls and heads-up displays. Pilots and their personal equipment weigh 550 lbs. 2. Fuel/Fuel Tanks (Threshold / Objective): Primary design fuel is standard JP-8 or Jet-A (6.8 lb/gal = 50.87 lb/ft3) jet engine fuel. All fuel tanks will be self-sealing. If external fuel tanks are required (this is not desirable) limit them to conformal fuel tanks that must be retained for the entire mission. Propulsion System Assumptions Your engine model should approximate the performance of an existing, commercial off-the-shelf engine. You should apply a reasonable thrust lapse model to account for changes in thrust with altitude. You should refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of engine fuel consumption. Remember to document all assumptions and sources, including the name and sea-level performance properties of your selected engine. Structural Weight Assumptions You should use an empirical based empty weight fraction approximation. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of empty weight fraction as a function of gross takeoff weight. Remember to document all assumptions and sources. Aerodynamic Assumptions You should construct a drag polar from assumed values of zero lift drag, Oswald efficiency factor, and wing aspect ratio. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for these parameters. Remember to document all assumptions and sources. Attachment 1 Pilot Training Mission Configuration: Clean or With Conformal External Tanks Phase Description 1 Fuel allowance for start (35 lb/engine), warm-up/taxi (25 lb/min/engine — plan on 30 minutes ground time), mil-power run-up (85 lb/engine) 2 Take-off and acceleration allowance (computed at sea level, 59 deg F). Fuel to accelerate to climb speed at take-off thrust 3 Climb from sea level to optimum cruise altitude 4 Cruise out 150 nm at best cruise Mach and Best cruise Altitude (BCM/BCA) 5 Tanker rendezvous – 100 nm at 300 knots indicated airspeed (KIAS) at 20,000 ft MSL 6 Simulated or actual air refueling (full mechanical hookup required but fuel transfer optional, depending on whether aircraft is designed with a full air refueling system or not) – 20 minutes at 250 KIAS at 20,000 ft MSL 7 Climb from 20,000 ft MSL to BCM/BCA 8 Cruise to practice area – 100 nm at BCM/BCA 9 Descend to 15,000 ft MSL 10 Air combat maneuvering training: Fuel required to maneuver for 20 minutes at 8-9 gs at 15,000 ft 11 Descend / climb to optimum cruise altitude 12 Cruise back 150 nm at BCM/BCA 13 Descend to sea level (distance credit allowed) 14 Reserves: fuel for 30 minutes at 10,000 feet and speed for maximum endurance Note: Base all performance calculations on standard day conditions with no wind. Attachment 2 Minimum Performance Requirements Criteria Requirement Threshold Requirement Objective Sustained g at 15,000 ft MSL 8 9 Ceiling 40,000 ft 50,000 ft Minimum Runway Length 8,000 ft 6,000 ft Payload (Expendable) 500 lbs 1,000 lbs Range (Unrefueled) 1,000 nmi 1,500 nmi Cruise Speed 0.7M 0.8M Dash Speed 0.95M 1.2M Note, these requirements should be considered in addition to the mission analysis performed for Attachment 1. Clearly state any assumptions used to incorporate these requirements into your design process. Appendix C: Bonus When creating your sizing and synthesis tool, it would be nice to think that you can use it in situations that are not only AE 6343. Try to increase the usability of your tool by making it as flexible as possible. Ideally, you should be able to create a tool that can handle military and commercial aircraft. The hardest part of this will involve the engine-specific parameters. If you can successfully make your tool more versatile AND write up an additional appendix (no more than 2 pages) about how you increased the versatility of your tool and what challenges you had to overcome, then you will receive up to 10 bonus points. Important note: in order to receive the full 10 points, you need to make sure you adequately demonstrate the versatility of your tool (e.g., talk about the games you have played and can play) and document your method in that additional write up; the tool should also be VERY obvious about how different aircraft can be analyzed. This should not be your primary focus; you should wait until everything else is done before working on this. Remember, if your tool/report is unfinished, 10 bonus points will not do anything worthwhile. Note: this should be an extra appendix in your report – if this is not specifically mentioned as the title of an appendix (e.g., “Appendix A: Tool Versatility”), you will receive no bonus points.

AE6343 Aircraft Design Project #1 – 2017
Aircraft Constraint Analysis
This document provides the project description for Project 1 of the Aircraft Design I (Fixed Wing Design I) course listed as AE 6343. Please read this information carefully and refer any questions to the class assistants.
Objective
This project is an exercise where students can apply the sizing and synthesis theory presented during lecture and pertaining to Chapter 2 of the course material. Students must integrate the different methods and approaches taught and provide an initial mission sizing and constraint analysis assessment in the context of conceptual design. This exercise should furthermore provide a deeper understanding of the mathematical models used for these tasks and associate them to the underlying physical principles and relationships.
Project Description
General
Using all the class material provided relevant to sizing & synthesis, each student must study the energy-based constraint analysis method as well as the weight fraction approach to the mission sizing analysis. An analysis tool capable of fully implementing sizing & synthesis calculations must be created and validated against existing data. You must benchmark your tool against the known performance of a reference aircraft, provided in this project description. You must then use your tool to generate a conceptual design to meet a set of requirements specified in a provided Request for Proposal. This project will be conducted in teams of two. Teams will be assigned by the instructor and teaching assistants and will consist of both on campus and distance learning students.
Deliverables
Report
Each team will work together to produce a single report for their project. The project report must be submitted no later than 11:55 pm on Friday October 20th on T-Square by each member of the team. Late submissions will be penalized. This report must be written in Microsoft Word ® using the template provided in the class website, or similar, and the formatting guidelines specified therein. The contents of the report must address all of the requirements, questions, and issues described in the sections below. Your report quality should adhere to “best commercial practices,” which will be expected for all assignments from this point on. It must be concise, written with a professional tone and avoiding wordiness and grammatical / spelling mistakes. All sources must be adequately cited. See honor code statement. Images must be in color and all plots must be legible (labels, axes, units, etc). The report should not exceed 25 pages of content including images (does NOT include cover page, list of figures, references, or extra credit). The report section names do NOT need to follow the names given to each of the requirements as shown in the section below. Items in appendices will not be graded unless specifically noted in these guidelines.
Cover Page and Honor Code Statement
Each report should have a cover page with the title of the assignment, “Instructor: Prof. Dimitri N. Mavris”, name of both students, date the assignment is due, and the following signed statement: “I certify that I have abided by the honor code of the Georgia Institute of Technology and followed the collaboration guidelines as specified in the project description for this assignment.” You can put an electronic signature on the honor code page.
Distance Learning Students: You can just type your name on the signature line, or use an electronic image of your signature if available.
Sizing & Synthesis Tool
The tool that your team creates must be submitted electronically no later than 11:55 pm on Friday October 20th on T-square by each member of the team. To do so label your files as follows: “Team_#_FWD_P1”. Label an electronic version of your report in a similar manner. These files can be submitted as an attachment using T-Square. Look under the “Assignments” tab on the T-Square site for AE 6343. Alternatively, and only if this first option does NOT work, you can email your file to the class assistants.
It is STRONGLY recommended that this tool be generated as a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel ®. If you wish to use an alternative program you must check with the teaching assistants before you proceed to generate the tool.
Requirements
Report Introduction
You must provide a brief introduction to your report explaining what the purpose of your efforts is, what information is contained in the report and what final results or conclusions you are attempting to get across to the reader. This section should also introduce the concept under study and briefly summarize the mission and requirements.
Formulation of Sizing and Synthesis Approach
After describing the requirements you must explain how you will proceed with the sizing & synthesis assessment. Explain what theory you will use for this purpose and particularly what elements of that theory you will implement for the problem at hand. For example, if you are going to use historical data for the calculation of the wing element explain why and how that data applies to the sizing tasks of your vehicle; or if the vehicle you are modeling has a sustained turn requirement explain how the theory you are implementing provides a way to model that. Do NOT give extensive and in-depth description of all the sizing & theory provided in class. Remember to reference your sources appropriately
Creating Your Sizing and Synthesis Tool
Create an analysis tool for sizing and synthesis. This tool must provide as a final result a constraint analysis plot and should enable the user to directly identify a design point in terms of thrust to weight ratio and wing loading. It must also provide a mission analysis for the sizing of the system indicating the converged estimated weight and weight contributions from the different weight groups. All inputs and outputs of the tool must be clearly labeled and visible to the user. Any values that are input as a result of assumptions must also be clearly labeled, and the correct assumption values for the system you are modeling must be indicated. Your tool should focus on ease-of-use and reusability; the tool that is deemed the best will be released to the entire class. Users should have the option of inputting a number or adjusting a slider bar. Colors and visuals will make your tool easier to understand.
Documenting the Sizing & Synthesis Tool
Your report must include a complete but concise description of the sizing & synthesis tool created. Use of data-flow diagrams, screenshots of the tool, and descriptive images is encouraged. The reader must be able to understand the architecture of the tool, what the control inputs are and how they can be changed, what the resulting outputs are and where they are shown. It must also show how the assumptions’ values are controlled.
Benchmarking Exercise
You will benchmark your aircraft design tool against a known aircraft design (the F-86L Sabre aircraft). Design mission and performance constraint data will be provided in Appendix A of this project description. The following information from the benchmarking exercise must be clearly and concisely reported.
Mission Analysis
 Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.
 Indicate the converged value of weight and weight breakdown.
 Provide a mission analysis specifying instantaneous weight, aerodynamic and propulsive characteristics, and instantaneous T/W and W/S values for key points in the mission (e.g. start, begin of cruise, end of cruise, end of loiter, etc.)
Constraint Analysis
 Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.
 Provide a constraints diagram corresponding to the segments of the design mission. Identify what are the limiting or critical constraints. Analyze and explain why the constraint curves look the way they do and if they make sense with respect to the physics they model and the conditions you have assumed.
NOTE: Your comments should focus on the performance and physics of the problem, NOT on the mathematical structure of the curves.
 Repeat the above requirement for the minimum performance requirements
 Provide a plot with all constraints (mission segments and performance requirements) and outline the feasible design space.
Conceptual Design Point
Having obtained a predicted takeoff gross weight, T/W, and W/S, calculate the predicted maximum required thrust at sea level and the predicted wing area. Compare these predicted values to the known values within the Standard Aircraft Characteristics. Extend this comparison to other characteristics that you have assumed, such as aspect ratio or lift to drag ratio. Keeping in mind that your efforts are at the conceptual phase of design, comment on the similarities and differences between your predicted design and the actual F-86L. Indicate the source of these differences, i.e. why these differences exist.
Design to Satisfy Request for Proposal
Following the benchmarking exercise, you will utilize your sizing and sythesis tool to develop a conceptual design to satisfy a Request for Proposal provided in Appendix B. Similar to the benchmarking exercise, the following information must also be reported.
Mission Analysis
 Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.
 Indicate the converged value of weight and weight breakdown.
 Provide a mission analysis specifying instantaneous weight, aerodynamic and propulsive characteristics, and instantaneous T/W and W/S values for key points in the mission (e.g. start, begin of cruise, end of cruise, end of loiter, etc.)
Constraint Analysis
 Clearly indicate ALL assumptions and design decisions made, and most importantly the reasoning behind them. Justifying your choice for parameter values is a critical part of this assignment as it reveals your competence and understanding of sizing and synthesis. Remember to reference all sources appropriately.
 Provide a constraints diagram corresponding to the segments of the design mission. Identify what are the limiting or critical constraints. Analyze and explain why the constraint curves look the way they do and if they make sense with respect to the physics they model and the conditions you have assumed.
NOTE: Your comments should focus on the performance and physics of the problem, NOT on the mathematical structure of the curves.
 Repeat the above requirement for the minimum performance requirements
 Provide a plot with all constraints (mission segments and performance requirements) and outline the feasible design space.
Conceptual Design Point
Having obtained a predicted takeoff gross weight, T/W, and W/S, calculate the predicted maximum required thrust at sea level and the predicted wing area. For your conceptual design, provide a comparison of the predicted mission performance with the requirements provided in the RFP. Indicate clearly which requirements your current design is or is not able to satisfy. In addition, provide a concise commentary on the impact your specific assumptions had on the outcome of your design.
Appendix A: Benchmark Aircraft Design
This appendix describes the performance requirements, design mission, and known design data of the F-86L Sabre aircraft. This data is to be used for the benchmarking exercise, as described in the project description.
Design Mission and Performance Constraints
Benchmark Vehicle Mission
Phase
Description
1
Take-off and clear a 50ft obstacle in less than 4400 ft (sea level, 90 degree day) at maximum power (with afterburners). A maximum rate of climb of 90 ft/sec should be assumed
2
Achieve 1200 ft/sec air speed at sea level using maximum power (with afterburners)
3
Climb to a cruise altitude of 35,400 ft. under full military power (without afterburners)
4
Perform a cruise climb from 35,400 ft to 38,700 ft for 550 nautical miles. Use a cruising speed of 458 knots and normal power. Integrate the fuel burn from first principles (do not use the Breguet range equation).
5
Search (Loiter) at 38,700 ft at normal power for 10 minutes.
6
Climb to 47,550 ft
7
Combat at 47,550 ft at maximum power (with afterburners) for 5 minutes. A combat speed of 536 knots should be achievable at this altitude.
8
Cruise at 37,000 ft for 550 nautical miles at a speed of 458 knots under normal power.
9
Loiter at 35,000 ft for 10 minutes under maximum endurance conditions.
10
Land in less than 5,000ft (sea level, 90 degree day) without high lift devices.
Other Requirements
o Land with a 10% fuel reserve
o Carry 1 crew member (pilot) with gear, totaling 210 lbs
o Carry 432 lbs of payload
Propulsion System Assumptions
Your engine model should approximate the performance of the J47-GE-33 engine. Thrust available at sea level for the three relevant power settings can be seen in Table 1 below. You should apply a reasonable thrust lapse model to account for changes in thrust with altitude. You should refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of engine fuel consumption. Remember to document all assumptions and sources.
Table 1: Sea Level Thrust of the J47-GE-33 Engine1
Power Setting
S.L. Static Thrust (Lbf)
Maximum (with Afterburner)
7650
Military (without afterburner)
5550
Normal
5100
1 Standard Aircraft Characteristics for North American F-86L Sabre, 5th Edition Addendum Nr 9, 22 September 1958, United States Air Force
Structural Weight Assumptions
You should use an empirical based empty weight fraction approximation. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of empty weight fraction as a function of gross takeoff weight. Remember to document all assumptions and sources.
Aerodynamic Assumptions
You should construct a drag polar from assumed values of zero lift drag, Oswald efficiency factor, and wing aspect ratio. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for these parameters. Remember to document all assumptions and sources.
Benchmark Results
You should be able to predict the design point (thrust to weight versus wing loading), weights breakdown (fuel, empty, payload, and crew weight components), and wing planform area of the F-86L aircraft after applying your design tool to the interception mission described above. Research the actual values of these design parameters from the unclassified 1958 Standard Aircraft Characteristics document for the F-86L. You should be able to find this document using the internet. Your result will be similar, but not exactly equal to, the true performance of this aircraft. Answer all questions and report all results outlined in the project description
Appendix B: Request for Proposal
Advanced Pilot Training Aircraft
Background
Due to the age of the T-38C fleet and changing needs for trainer aircraft to support modern combat aircraft like the F-22, the Air Force hopes to field an Advanced Pilot Training Aircraft (APTA) in the next 10 years. This trainer will have the capability to train pilots in the skills they need to transition to operational aircraft. APTA must be a suitable platform to train pilots in basic aircraft control, airmanship, formation, instrument flying, navigation, air-to-air and air-to-ground employment, and advanced crew/cockpit resource management.
In addition to conventional pilot training there are five fighter flying training requirements that lend themselves to two-seat instruction prior to students performing them solo. These are sustained high-g operations, air-refueling, night vision imaging systems operations, air-to-air intercepts, and data-link operations. Currently, since there are no two-seat F-22s or F-35s, these training tasks are accomplished in two-seat F-16s. The APTA will need to have performance and systems capabilities to allow it to take over these training functions as the F-16 fleet retires. Note that air-refueling training capability only requires a receiver mechanism for standard Air Force flying boom refueling. It is not required to actually transfer fuel, so no internal refueling plumbing is required.
Statement of Objectives (Requirements)
Since this is a request for proposal, you are free to choose any aircraft configuration you like. Your design for the advanced pilot training aircraft should meet the performance requirements listed in the attachments below. Attachment 1 provides specific information on the design mission. Attachment 2 specifies the minimum performance requirements.
Other Required (Threshold) or Desired (Objective) Capabilities and Characteristics
1. Crew of Two (Threshold / Objective): The cockpit will be designed for two pilots seated in tandem, with the student pilot in front. Both cockpits will have complete controls and heads-up displays. Pilots and their personal equipment weigh 550 lbs.
2. Fuel/Fuel Tanks (Threshold / Objective): Primary design fuel is standard JP-8 or Jet-A (6.8 lb/gal = 50.87 lb/ft3) jet engine fuel. All fuel tanks will be self-sealing. If external fuel tanks are required (this is not desirable) limit them to conformal fuel tanks that must be retained for the entire mission.
Propulsion System Assumptions
Your engine model should approximate the performance of an existing, commercial off-the-shelf engine. You should apply a reasonable thrust lapse model to account for changes in thrust with altitude. You should refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of engine fuel consumption. Remember to document all assumptions and sources, including the name and sea-level performance properties of your selected engine.
Structural Weight Assumptions
You should use an empirical based empty weight fraction approximation. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for a model of empty weight fraction as a function of gross takeoff weight. Remember to document all assumptions and sources.
Aerodynamic Assumptions
You should construct a drag polar from assumed values of zero lift drag, Oswald efficiency factor, and wing aspect ratio. Refer to other sources (lecture notes, Raymer, Roskam, or other) for these parameters. Remember to document all assumptions and sources.
Attachment 1
Pilot Training Mission
Configuration: Clean or With Conformal External Tanks
Phase
Description
1
Fuel allowance for start (35 lb/engine), warm-up/taxi (25 lb/min/engine — plan on 30 minutes ground time), mil-power run-up (85 lb/engine)
2
Take-off and acceleration allowance (computed at sea level, 59 deg F). Fuel to accelerate to climb speed at take-off thrust
3
Climb from sea level to optimum cruise altitude
4
Cruise out 150 nm at best cruise Mach and Best cruise Altitude (BCM/BCA)
5
Tanker rendezvous – 100 nm at 300 knots indicated airspeed (KIAS) at 20,000 ft MSL
6
Simulated or actual air refueling (full mechanical hookup required but fuel transfer optional, depending on whether aircraft is designed with a full air refueling system or not) – 20 minutes at 250 KIAS at 20,000 ft MSL
7
Climb from 20,000 ft MSL to BCM/BCA
8
Cruise to practice area – 100 nm at BCM/BCA
9
Descend to 15,000 ft MSL
10
Air combat maneuvering training: Fuel required to maneuver for 20 minutes at 8-9 gs at 15,000 ft
11
Descend / climb to optimum cruise altitude
12
Cruise back 150 nm at BCM/BCA
13
Descend to sea level (distance credit allowed)
14
Reserves: fuel for 30 minutes at 10,000 feet and speed for maximum endurance
Note: Base all performance calculations on standard day conditions with no wind.
Attachment 2
Minimum Performance Requirements
Criteria
Requirement Threshold
Requirement Objective
Sustained g at 15,000 ft MSL
8
9
Ceiling
40,000 ft
50,000 ft
Minimum Runway Length
8,000 ft
6,000 ft
Payload (Expendable)
500 lbs
1,000 lbs
Range (Unrefueled)
1,000 nmi
1,500 nmi
Cruise Speed
0.7M
0.8M
Dash Speed
0.95M
1.2M
Note, these requirements should be considered in addition to the mission analysis performed for Attachment 1. Clearly state any assumptions used to incorporate these requirements into your design process.
Appendix C: Bonus
When creating your sizing and synthesis tool, it would be nice to think that you can use it in situations that are not only AE 6343. Try to increase the usability of your tool by making it as flexible as possible. Ideally, you should be able to create a tool that can handle military and commercial aircraft. The hardest part of this will involve the engine-specific parameters. If you can successfully make your tool more versatile AND write up an additional appendix (no more than 2 pages) about how you increased the versatility of your tool and what challenges you had to overcome, then you will receive up to 10 bonus points. Important note: in order to receive the full 10 points, you need to make sure you adequately demonstrate the versatility of your tool (e.g., talk about the games you have played and can play) and document your method in that additional write up; the tool should also be VERY obvious about how different aircraft can be analyzed. This should not be your primary focus; you should wait until everything else is done before working on this. Remember, if your tool/report is unfinished, 10 bonus points will not do anything worthwhile.
Note: this should be an extra appendix in your report – if this is not specifically mentioned as the title of an appendix (e.g., “Appendix A: Tool Versatility”), you will receive no bonus points.

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Wal-Mart is the organization Integrate the concepts and operations management principles that you’ve been studying in this module and turn in your one to two page paper addressing the following questions: How project management influence other departments and functions of this organization (i.e., marketing, finance, accounting, human resources, etc.)? What are the difficulties or limitations for implementing PERT and CPM in the organization? Other Requirements: BACKGROUND INFO: Operations activities not only are made up repetitive processes, they are also made up of events or a series of events that are managed as a project. Obviously this type of management effort is called project management. What is a project? A project is a finite venture (with specific start and completion dates) to produce a unique product or service and/or achieve a specific goal or goals. Projects can be contrasted to processes, which are permanent or semi-permanent repetitive activities that produce the same product or service. Project Management is the set of knowledge, skills, and abilities that plan, organize, implement, control, and complete projects given finite resources of people, equipment, and time. This module will focus on the planning effort and provide information on how to define the work activities, develop a plan for sequencing these activities in time, and determining the duration of the project under normal conditions and crash conditions. Heizer and Render’s book provides a nice and comprehensive overview of Operations Management. It is highly recommended if you are serious in pursuing a concentration in Operations Management. Heizer, J and Render B. (2001) Principles of Operations Management, ISBN 0-13-027147-0 From Ebrary: Heldman, Kim (2003) Project Management JumpStart. Sybex, Incorporated. ISBN: 0-7821-5180-9

Wal-Mart is the organization

Integrate the concepts and operations management principles that you've been studying in this module and turn in your one to two page paper addressing the following questions:

How project management influence other departments and functions of this organization (i.e., marketing, finance, accounting, human resources, etc.)?

What are the difficulties or limitations for implementing PERT and CPM in the organization? 

Other Requirements: BACKGROUND INFO:

Operations activities not only are made up repetitive processes, they are also made up of events or a series of events that are managed as a project. Obviously this type of management effort is called project management.

What is a project? A project is a finite venture (with specific start and completion dates) to produce a unique product or service and/or achieve a specific goal or goals. Projects can be contrasted to processes, which are permanent or semi-permanent repetitive activities that produce the same product or service.

Project Management is the set of knowledge, skills, and abilities that plan, organize, implement, control, and complete projects given finite resources of people, equipment, and time. This module will focus on the planning effort and provide information on how to define the work activities, develop a plan for sequencing these activities in time, and determining the duration of the project under normal conditions and crash conditions.

Heizer and Render's book provides a nice and comprehensive overview of Operations Management. It is highly recommended if you are serious in pursuing a concentration in Operations Management.

Heizer, J and Render B. (2001) Principles of Operations Management, ISBN 0-13-027147-0

From Ebrary:

Heldman, Kim (2003) Project Management JumpStart. Sybex, Incorporated. ISBN: 0-7821-5180-9

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ITM301 Case 4 For this case, write a 4-5 page description of the steps businesses need to follow to create an online presence, the required skills and tools and the opportunities and challenges of electronic and mobile commerce. Everyday sales items purchased online like soaps, juices, shampoos etc. have almost doubled between the year 2006 and 2010 and it is expected that these figures will keep doubling by 2014. Few years back, e-commerce was not expected to be what is now. It is clear that all bueinesses need to provide online services sooner or later to remain in the market. The same is true for mobile commerce. In order to identify what businesses need to do to start their online presence, go over the background readings and any other elective readings you find useful. When you have read the articles listed in the background material and any other relevant reading you could find, imagine that you want take advantage of the Internet and communication technologies for your business. “Tools and strategies needed to follow in order to implement electronic and mobile commerce in businesses”

ITM301 Case 4
For this case, write a 4-5 page description of the steps businesses need to follow to create an online presence, the required skills and tools and the opportunities and challenges of electronic and mobile commerce. 


Everyday sales items purchased online like soaps, juices, shampoos etc. have almost doubled between the year 2006 and 2010 and it is expected that these figures will keep doubling by 2014. Few years back, e-commerce was not expected to be what is now. It is clear that all bueinesses need to provide online services sooner or later to remain in the market. The same is true for mobile commerce.

In order to identify what businesses need to do to start their online presence, go over the background readings and any other elective readings you find useful.

When you have read the articles listed in the background material and any other relevant reading you could find, imagine that you want take advantage of the Internet and communication technologies for your business.

"Tools and strategies needed to follow in order to implement electronic and mobile commerce in businesses"

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Unit 7 [AB299: Associates Capstone in Management] Assignment Details and Rubric In order for Tim’s Coffee Shoppe to be successful, Tim will have to be sure he has a consistent and reliable supply of coffee beans. Research coffee bean producing countries on the Internet, and choose one country along with a grower that would have the greatest supplier potential to import beans for domestic sales with your distribution firm. Write your original, double-spaced expository essay in a minimum of 4 pages (which includes a Title and a References page) and use 12 point Times New Roman font. Your citations (minimum 1, and maximum 2 two short scholarly citations) and references must follow APA format and citation style. Checklist: Address the following items in an expository essay and APA format and citation style: ? Choose a country and a grower for your supplier of coffee beans that you (as distributor) can then sell. ? What are the economic advantages of dealing with a vendor from this country? o Does the country have environmental laws that align with those of our country? o What are they? o Will there be a marketing advantage by divulging the source of the coffee beans? o Why or why not? o Will sourcing the beans from the supplier you choose affect Tim’s bottom-line or not? Discuss your reasoning. Write your expository essay response in Standard American English, paying special attention to grammar, style, mechanics, organization, and a logical and focused response to the assignment. Respond to the questions in a thorough manner, providing specific examples of concepts. Ensure that your viewpoint and purpose are clearly stated. Demonstrate logical and appropriate transitions from one idea to another. Submit your paper to the Dropbox in this unit. Kaplan University- Assignment grading sheet Per Cent Kaplan Possible Score: 100 40 Per Cent Points Points Analysis, critical thinking and correct response to checklist items: (80%) Possible Possible Earned Unit 7 [AB299: Associates Capstone in Management] ? Choose a country and a grower for your supplier of coffee beans that you (as distributor) can then sell. What are the economic advantages of dealing with a vendor from this country? 20% 8 ? Address these questions: Does the country have environmental laws that align with those of our country? What are they? Will there be a marketing advantage by divulging the source of the coffee beans? Why or why not? Will sourcing the beans from the supplier you choose affect Tim’s bottom-line or not? Discuss your reasoning. 60% 8 8 8 80% 32 Writing, spelling, and grammar /2–3 pages in APA format and style 20% 8 0 Gross Project Score: 100% 40 0.0 Less: Late Penalty (Per Policy) 0 0.0 Your Project Score: 0.0

Unit 7 [AB299: Associates Capstone in Management]
Assignment Details and Rubric
In order for Tim’s Coffee Shoppe to be successful, Tim will have to be sure he has a consistent and
reliable supply of coffee beans.
Research coffee bean producing countries on the Internet, and choose one country along with a
grower that would have the greatest supplier potential to import beans for domestic sales with your
distribution firm.
Write your original, double-spaced expository essay in a minimum of 4 pages (which includes a Title
and a References page) and use 12 point Times New Roman font. Your citations (minimum 1, and
maximum 2 two short scholarly citations) and references must follow APA format and citation style.
Checklist: Address the following items in an expository essay and APA format and citation style:
? Choose a country and a grower for your supplier of coffee beans that you (as distributor) can
then sell.
? What are the economic advantages of dealing with a vendor from this country?
o Does the country have environmental laws that align with those of our country?
o What are they?
o Will there be a marketing advantage by divulging the source of the coffee beans?
o Why or why not?
o Will sourcing the beans from the supplier you choose affect Tim’s bottom-line or not?
Discuss your reasoning.
Write your expository essay response in Standard American English, paying special attention to
grammar, style, mechanics, organization, and a logical and focused response to the assignment.
Respond to the questions in a thorough manner, providing specific examples of concepts. Ensure that
your viewpoint and purpose are clearly stated. Demonstrate logical and appropriate transitions from
one idea to another. Submit your paper to the Dropbox in this unit.
Kaplan University- Assignment grading
sheet
Per Cent Kaplan
Possible Score: 100 40
Per Cent Points Points
Analysis, critical thinking and correct
response to checklist items: (80%) Possible
Possible Earned
Unit 7 [AB299: Associates Capstone in Management]
? Choose a country and a
grower for your supplier of
coffee beans that you (as
distributor) can then sell. What
are the economic advantages
of dealing with a vendor from
this country?
20% 8
? Address these questions:
Does the country have environmental
laws that align with those of our country?
What are they?
Will there be a marketing advantage by
divulging the source of the coffee beans?
Why or why not?
Will sourcing the beans from the supplier
you choose affect Tim’s bottom-line or
not? Discuss your reasoning.
60%
8
8
8
80% 32
Writing, spelling, and grammar
/2–3 pages in APA format and
style 20% 8
0
Gross Project Score: 100% 40 0.0
Less: Late Penalty (Per Policy) 0 0.0
Your Project Score: 0.0

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Question 1 Choose a U.S. company, and research its international presence. Explain reasons why this company expanded into the global market. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 2 Why would a country eliminate trade restrictions and encourage free trade? Using the European Union as an example, identify key changes that took place to encourage free trade. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 3 What are barriers that businesses need to overcome in foreign countries? What are alternatives that businesses can utilize to prevail over these barriers? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 4 What are ethical considerations a business would need to evaluate before making a profit in a foreign country? All countries have different laws that need to be followed. A dilemma can take place when a company follows the law that infringes on the company’s code of conduct. Provide an example to support your answer. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 5 What is management? Provide an example or scenario to describe how you, as a manager, would use each function to reach your organization’s goals. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 6 Imagine you are speaking to a group of employees. Which communication barriers do you need to be concerned with and address in order to effectively communicate your message? Provide some examples. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 7 The secret to being a successful manager is to use good communication skills that create a positive image. What are three leadership styles? Give examples of each. Select a leadership style you feel comfortable with as an employee and explain why. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 8 What are the four categories of business planning? Explain each of them. How does the level of management fit into the preferred process of planning? Question 9 Identify and describe the five strategies that contribute to a successful small business? How does each strategy provide for successful results? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 10 What are the four types of corporations? What makes each corporation different? What are advantages and disadvantages to the most common form of corporation? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 11 Many people would like to have their own business. If you were to start your own small business, why would you take on this venture? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 12 What are the four types of business ownership? Describe each of them. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 13 What are the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAPs)? Why do we need GAAPs? What is the purpose and goal for this practice? What is the challenge of using this practice? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 14 All financial statements are important. Which one out of the three do you feel is the most beneficial? Defend your answer. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 15 Managers rely on financial ratio analysis when making decisions. What are the four key ratios? What information does each provide? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 16 What are the three types of accountants and the service each type of accountant provides? Who would be the user of each type? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 17 An investor has many choices that need to be made before investing his/her money. Identify five strategies that need to be reviewed before an investor can reach his/her personal goals. Discuss the advantages and disadvantage to each strategy. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 18 What are the two types of networks that are specific to the user? How are these types of networking advantageous for both the business and the end user? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 19 What is “cloud computing,” and what are the benefits cloud computing offers to the source and subscriber? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 20 Diversification is a means to reduce risk. What are two funds that will provide the investor good diversification at a low cost? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 21 What are the benefits for companies that use promotions? What are the tools used to promote consumer products? Explain each promotional tool. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 22 What are the elements that influence consumers’ decision-making? Provide an example of a product that influences senior men or women? Support your answer. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 23 What are the four different categories of consumer products? How could you promote each category and motivate consumer interests? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 24 How do distributors add value by utilizing different types of utility? What are the different types of utility and the benefits they provide to the consumer? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 25 One of the responsibilities of an operations manager is to improve processes used to produce products. Identify some ways operations management utilizes technology to improve processes. Provide examples to support your answer. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 26 What is an event that forced American businesses to focus on quality? What are two methods American businesses use to improve the quality of their products and services? Describe the methods. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 27 It is very important that companies hire the right people for jobs. What is the process for hiring a person in order to fill a specific position? Explain the steps in the process. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. Question 28 What are some human resource challenges? How would a good human resources department meet these challenges? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations

Question 1 
Choose a U.S. company, and research its international presence. Explain reasons why this company expanded into the global market.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 2 
Why would a country eliminate trade restrictions and encourage free trade? Using the European Union as an example, identify key changes that took place to encourage free trade.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 3 
What are barriers that businesses need to overcome in foreign countries? What are alternatives that businesses can utilize to prevail over these barriers?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 4 
What are ethical considerations a business would need to evaluate before making a profit in a foreign country? All countries have different laws that need to be followed. A dilemma can take place when a company follows the law that infringes on the company’s code of conduct. Provide an example to support your answer.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. 

Question 5 
What is management? Provide an example or scenario to describe how you, as a manager, would use each function to reach your organization’s goals.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 6 
Imagine you are speaking to a group of employees. Which communication barriers do you need to be concerned with and address in order to effectively communicate your message? Provide some examples.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 7 
The secret to being a successful manager is to use good communication skills that create a positive image. What are three leadership styles? Give examples of each. Select a leadership style you feel comfortable with as an employee and explain why.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 8 
What are the four categories of business planning? Explain each of them. How does the level of management fit into the preferred process of planning?

Question 9 
Identify and describe the five strategies that contribute to a successful small business? How does each strategy provide for successful results?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 10 
What are the four types of corporations? What makes each corporation different? What are advantages and disadvantages to the most common form of corporation?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 11 
Many people would like to have their own business. If you were to start your own small business, why would you take on this venture?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 12 
What are the four types of business ownership? Describe each of them.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 13 
What are the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAPs)? Why do we need GAAPs? What is the purpose and goal for this practice? What is the challenge of using this practice?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 14 
All financial statements are important. Which one out of the three do you feel is the most beneficial? Defend your answer.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 15 
Managers rely on financial ratio analysis when making decisions. What are the four key ratios? What information does each provide?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 16
What are the three types of accountants and the service each type of accountant provides? Who would be the user of each type?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 17 
An investor has many choices that need to be made before investing his/her money. Identify five strategies that need to be reviewed before an investor can reach his/her personal goals. Discuss the advantages and disadvantage to each strategy.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 18 
What are the two types of networks that are specific to the user? How are these types of networking advantageous for both the business and the end user?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 19 
What is “cloud computing,” and what are the benefits cloud computing offers to the source and subscriber?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 20 
Diversification is a means to reduce risk. What are two funds that will provide the investor good diversification at a low cost?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 21 
What are the benefits for companies that use promotions? What are the tools used to promote consumer products? Explain each promotional tool.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 22 
What are the elements that influence consumers’ decision-making? Provide an example of a product that influences senior men or women? Support your answer.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 23 
What are the four different categories of consumer products? How could you promote each category and motivate consumer interests?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 24 
How do distributors add value by utilizing different types of utility? What are the different types of utility and the benefits they provide to the consumer?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 25 
One of the responsibilities of an operations manager is to improve processes used to produce products. Identify some ways operations management utilizes technology to improve processes. Provide examples to support your answer.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 26 
What is an event that forced American businesses to focus on quality? What are two methods American businesses use to improve the quality of their products and services? Describe the methods.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 27 
It is very important that companies hire the right people for jobs. What is the process for hiring a person in order to fill a specific position? Explain the steps in the process.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 28 
What are some human resource challenges? How would a good human resources department meet these challenges?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations

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Differential Reinforcement Review the various types of differential reinforcement explained in Behavior Advisor and how to set up a token economy system: DRL: Differential Reinforcement of Lower Rates of Behavior (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviors (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. DRI: Differentiated Reinforcement of Incompatible Behaviors (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Classroom token economy Preview the documentView in a new window A fellow teacher and friend calls you pleading for help with his fifth grade class. When you ask what is going on he tells you: Every time I turn my back, Michael is either throwing something, hitting someone playfully, or making fun of me. When I ask him to please stop, he gets defensive and says, “It wasn’t me!” but I know it was. The principal and the parents just scold him and he is just as disruptive the next day. When he behaves like that, it causes the entire class to be off task. I just don’t know what to do. Because you have been taking this course, you feel equipped to help your friend by suggesting he try using differentiated reinforcement with a token economy system. Design a plan using one of the differentiated reinforcement techniques and the token economy system. Support your reasoning for choosing a specific technique with one additional resource

Differential Reinforcement Review the various types of differential reinforcement explained in Behavior Advisor and how to set up a token economy system:

DRL: Differential Reinforcement of Lower Rates of Behavior (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviors (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. DRI: Differentiated Reinforcement of Incompatible Behaviors (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Classroom token economy Preview the documentView in a new window A fellow teacher and friend calls you pleading for help with his fifth grade class. When you ask what is going on he tells you:

Every time I turn my back, Michael is either throwing something, hitting someone playfully, or making fun of me. When I ask him to please stop, he gets defensive and says, “It wasn’t me!” but I know it was. The principal and the parents just scold him and he is just as disruptive the next day. When he behaves like that, it causes the entire class to be off task. I just don’t know what to do.

Because you have been taking this course, you feel equipped to help your friend by suggesting he try using differentiated reinforcement with a token economy system. Design a plan using one of the differentiated reinforcement techniques and the token economy system. Support your reasoning for choosing a specific technique with one additional resource

Read More